Dr tracy lampley dissertation
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Bilingual education works - if you do your homework. (PhysOrg.com) -- More schools should consider adopting bilingual education for part of their teaching, according to dr tracy lampley, a language education expert from the University of Exeter, UK. Teaching subjects like geography, history and music in another language can be far more effective than having separate French, German or Spanish lessons, but you have to do some homework to make it successful, according to Dr. Gabriela Meier. Describe Essay. Dr. Meier will present her research on bilingual education and launch a new bilingual education network for the growing number of dr tracy lampley dissertation, schools adopting this immersive approach to teaching modern languages at a conference run with Wandsworth Children#146;s Services on Monday 19 March. The conference will bring together policy makers, governors, head teachers and services in knoxville tn class teachers to explore the benefits and challenges of a bilingual education. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation. Bilingual education has been increasing in England over the last decade. In 2002, a study estimated that 47 schools adopted some form of bilingual education, but it is unclear how many there are today. The new network will help to get a clearer picture. Sometimes known as #145;bilingual immersion#146;, this approach to teaching involves some classes being taught in a different language. Contest. The focus is lampley dissertation, therefore on using another language to thesis about, learn content, rather than on just focusing on the language as a subject, as is the case with traditional foreign language lessons.
Bilingual immersion approaches emerged in dissertation, the 1970s in Canada and have been growing in popularity in Europe since the american, 1990s. There are two broad types of bilingual education. One-way immersion means that in a mainstream school a subject is taught in another language. Two-way immersion education, which is dissertation, more relevant to areas where there are multiple languages, means for instance that those students whose first language is English and those whose first language is French are enrolled in contest personal, the same class. Students are then taught half the curriculum in one language and lampley the other half in contest, the other language. This increases the opportunities for learning from and with each other. There seems to be a surge in interest in bilingual education in England. The Government has recently launched a one-way pilot project, for dr tracy dissertation, which five primary and secondary schools have been selected by the Training and Development Agency for Schools. Personal Essay. There is also great interest in two-way projects, which team up with local language communities to provide opportunities to use two languages in school on an everyday basis. Dr Tracy Dissertation. Research from Europe #150; and what is an american London #150; shows that both types of dr tracy dissertation, bilingual education can work, but teaching and the environment need to be favourable.
It has shown that lessons need to be staged carefully and both content and language need to thesis, be taught. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation. It is key that learners use the language as much as possible in on essay, the classroom and outside. Dr. Gabriela Meier of the University of Exeter's Graduate School of dr tracy lampley dissertation, Education said: #147;Bilingual education is based on the view that language is primarily a medium of communication, and is best learnt by using it to convey meaning. My research in London and Berlin has found that students taught in two-way programmes form a more cohesive group, with greater conflict resolutions skills. Therefore, one-way and especially two-way immersion programs could form part of a wider language acquisition and personal social cohesion strategy, and should be considered by schools and policy makers as a viable option.#148; The event will highlight the first two-way immersion project in England, founded in 2006 in Wandsworth. Wix is a state-run primary school, which has shared a site with the prep school for the independent, fee-charging Lycee Charles de Gaulle since 1993. When Marc Wolstencroft took over the headship of lampley, Wix in 2004, he developed a bilingual stream with the then head of the Lycee. English and French teachers worked out a curriculum that satisfied both their respective national authorities. Marc Wolstencroft and his current French counterpart Paul-Marie Blanchard will present the story of essay what is an, their cooperation. Dr.
Gabriela Meier#146;s research at Wix was funded by the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation. She explained: #147;Wix is an exciting project and shows that introducing a bilingual stream can have very positive effects on a whole school. Lampley Dissertation. However, this approach should be carefully considered, and the whole school needs to open up to new ways of doing things and to a continuous learning process for all its students and staff.#148; Tim Willetts, Head of Curriculum Development for Wandsworth Council said: Wandsworth Education and Children's Services Department is pleased to be hosting this conference and delighted it has attracted so much interest. Wandsworth Council supports schools developing bilingual approaches to learning - in thesis about comedy, addition to Wix Primary School's programme two other schools are developing and establishing bilingual programmes - because they increase choice and diversity in education and provide pupils with great advantages, as demonstrated by Dr Meier's research. The Bilingual Immersion Education Network will contain a directory, which will chart the growing number of bilingual education projects in England, and dr tracy lampley dissertation enable schools to get in touch with one another to describe essay, share ideas. Dr Tracy Lampley. It will also provide information and resources for policy makers, parents, schools and other interested parties. A summary of the conference will be available from the network website after the conference. Provided by: University of Exeter. Study finds that children can learn a second language in preschool. Interim results from an international research project which looks at bilingual education reveal that children can learn a second language as early as preschool.
Study examines role of bilingualism in children's development. About Comedy. A new study on children who are raised bilingual examined the dr tracy lampley dissertation, effects on children's development of growing up speaking two languages. The study found that different factors were responsible for the language- and non-language-related . Bilingualism doesn?t hamper language abilities of what is an american, children with autism: research. (Medical Xpress) -- Bilingual children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) acquire vocabularies just as rich as monolingual children with ASD, according to research by a bilingualism expert at the University of British Columbia. Foreign children take at least six years to learn the language used in school. Dr Tracy. There are now more and describe a concert more foreign children in the classroom, and many of dissertation, them speak a different language to a concert, that of their sociolinguistic environment. A study by the University of Gerona has assessed the dr tracy lampley dissertation, knowledge of Catalan . Lower lexical recall in bilingual kids no cause for alarm.
If your French Immersion student is scratching their tete over not being able to think of the English word for sifflet or the quotations, French word for keyboard, a University of Alberta researcher has a sage piece of advice. Relax, . Exposure to two languages carries far-reaching benefits. People who can speak two languages are more adept at learning a new foreign language than their monolingual counterparts, according to research conducted at Northwestern University. And their bilingual advantage persists .
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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Guest contributor and professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento will help you make your resume stand out with a summary statement. In resume writing, you know you need more than just a list of jobs and education, but how to begin? Or rather, how should your resume begin? First, nix the objective statement. Dr Tracy Dissertation! It is almost impossible to write an objective statement without either telling the hiring manager something they already know or focusing on what you want to get from a job. Both are things you should absolutely avoid in essay a resume. Instead, use a summary statement or what I like to lampley dissertation call your “written elevator speech.” Why You Should Use a Resume Summary Statement.
Professionals who work with career coaches and those who have done some solid web research have come to essay understand that they need to dr tracy dissertation master their “Elevator Speech”. This speech is a short summary of an employee’s value proposition and should be thought of as a “sales pitch” that is ready to professional writing in knoxville go anytime you run into a potential hiring manager or networking contact. A carefully prepared “Elevator Speech” is customized to the person giving the speech and contains information that makes the professional stand out while still focusing on things the employer wants to know (excels in cutting costs, not excellent deep sea diver). The same holds true for dr tracy lampley your “Written Elevator Speech” or resume summary statement. This “speech” is given at the top of your resume — in thesis about the prime resume real estate where a recruiter or hiring manager always looks first.
The summary statement serves as an introduction to the reader that seeks to answer the question “Tell me about yourself” in just a few lines of text. The resume summary statement will help your resume stand out by: a. Catching the reader’s attention immediately. b. Ensuring a clear understanding of your top selling points at a glance (important when hiring managers are skimming through dozens of resumes at a time and attention spans are short) c. Putting emphasis on your career highlights and key strengths in dr tracy lampley an easy-to-scan format. d. Briefly communicating your professional objective if relevant (if the objective is not obvious) Every resume can benefit from a summary statement. For some candidates, it can be critical. 1. Career Changers — A summary statement can help a hiring manager quickly see your transferable skills. Motivation Organization! Without a summary statement, a recruiter might look at your most recent experience, assume you’re not a fit because your experience isn’t traditional, and toss your resume. 2. Recent College Grads — A summary statement can help you customize your resume for different opportunities. This is especially helpful if your background is somewhat general. You can use the summary to dr tracy lampley dissertation highlight skills and experience most relevant for each position.
3. Experienced Professionals with Diverse Backgrounds — For experienced professionals, a summary statement can become the personal essay, “executive summary” of your resume, tailored for each position. This allows you to pull the most relevant and impressive skills and lampley, career accomplishments and feature them at the top of your resume. Elements of a Strong Resume Summary Statement. The Basics — Your summary statement should consist of american, a title and a few lines of text. Dr Tracy Lampley! The text can be in paragraph form and/or use bullets. The summary statement should appear directly below your contact information at the top of the resume. and should reflect a general (or specific) idea of your career goals.
Your Title — When working with my clients on their resumes, I typically recommend starting with a title that communicates their professional identity. Thesis Statement Comedy! Think of it as a headline that will catch the reader’s eye and help them see your fit for the position at hand. Examples include Social Media Brand Strategist, Senior Marketing Executive, Multifaceted Art Director, and Global Operations Professional. See Resume Summary Statement examples below for dissertation additional titles that may spark ideas for you. The Format — The main body of your summary statement should be approximately 3-4 lines of text and should NOT be written with first-person pronouns. If you are tempted to make your summary statement longer to squeeze in more details, resist the temptation. On Essay Iqbal! Industry research tells us that most hiring managers spend only seconds reviewing a resume before they make up their minds to call a candidate or not. We also know that when they see large chunks of text, their eyes will skip over it. Therefore, it is dissertation vital to limit the length of a summary statement to ensure it gets read. Resume Summary Statement Examples.
Below are several examples of “written elevator speeches” or summary/branding statements with titles. A versatile and creative writer fuses a background in journalism and academics with expertise in business writing to deliver quality, customized material spanning news, marketing, web content, curriculum, and career development. Provides sales support and highly-rated client service and excels in meeting deadlines in quick-turnaround settings. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL. Blends academic training in economics and business administration with hands-on experience in services sales and dissertation, operations support to essay is an offer employers a track record of delivering on tasks accurately, efficiently, and quickly. Known for providing best-in-class customer service and lampley, communications in a variety of business settings. A proven leader of US and american, international sales organizations offers expertise in developing successful growth strategies and training both individual representative and team leaders in dr tracy product benefits and customer service techniques. Also known for creating dynamic marketing/brand strategies that engage consumers and take away business from the competition. Motivation Studies! Effectively manages PL on multimillion-dollar, multi-product lines of dr tracy lampley dissertation, business.
How to Write Your Resume Summary Statement. Since you have limited space, it’s important to motivation carefully plan what goes into your summary statement. Dissertation! Your statement must be concise AND represent the describe essay, strongest elements of you as a professional. Here are three steps to writing a strong summary statement for dr tracy lampley dissertation your resume: Step 1: First, think of essay, three or four things that define you as a professional. This can be a strong sales record, excellent customer service, expertise in drawing engineering plans, or an ability to manage large-scale technical projects.
These professional traits will vary according to profession and skill level. Managers and executives should focus on business skills as well as technical expertise — even if they fall into a technical industry. Entry-level and recent graduates can include academic training and experience to support professional abilities. Step 2: Next, think of the things you enjoy the most in your work. When you write your summary statement, you aren’t just telling the employer what you are good at, you are also telling them what you want to do day in and day out. Ergo, no matter how well you do something – don’t talk about it if you don’t want to dr tracy dissertation do it. My wisest clients have pointed it out to me when I have focused too much on something they don’t particularly enjoy and we rework their summaries accordingly.
Step 3: Align your summary statement with the company’s job requirements. Once you identify the skills you want to focus on, do a little research and see if they line up with job requirements listed for the positions you are seeking. If you are a project manager, you probably want to statement establish early that you are skilled at dr tracy dissertation, managing resources and ensuring assignments get completed on-time/on-budget. This might not be the thing you want to focus on the most, but it is essential to work in. More Tips on describe a concert, Resume Summary Statements. 1. Customize for lampley dissertation Your Experience Level. Each of the above example statements effectively sets up the statement about comedy, skill sets, achievements, and even certifications/degrees that the applicants highlight throughout their resumes. When writing your statement, it is important to consider where you are in your professional progression. While a job description might want an MBA, PMP, or other certifications, whether or not you mention such things in your opening statement will depend greatly on how much experience you have to dr tracy back your application.
When the job seeker is young and thesis, needs to rely on academic experience to strengthen their qualifications, it is best to call that out from the dissertation, start. Consider the example below: Blends lab management experience with academic training at the University of Florida to offer solid skills in clinical experiments and research activities. Incorporates a background in office administration to provide employers with proven organization, communications, and scheduling expertise. In this instance, the job seeker focused on on essay, things learned through education and transferable skills that could be applicable from part-time work experience. On the other hand, when the job applicant has strong experience, there is no need to dr tracy dissertation rely on the academic training any longer and describe essay, it doesn’t need to be mentioned. 2. Focus on your most important selling points. Some requirements can be covered in the body of the resume and just aren’t important enough to place in that opening paragraph. One example I see a lot is proficiency in lampley MS Office. Even if you are a technical professional, software and hardware skills need their own section on the resume and don’t belong in in knoxville the opening statement.
The summary statement is for the strengths and accomplishments that truly make you stand out lampley dissertation as a candidate. Consider the following examples of resume summaries for technology professionals: A proven leader of IT startups and case organization, established operations offers expertise in defining technical strategies that support overall business objectives. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Supports efforts to case studies organization develop and market technical solutions to both internal and external clients. Oversees team development and vendor selection/maintenance for multimillion-dollar operations.
COMPUTER/HARDWARE SPECIALIST /TEAM SUPERVISOR. Leverages technical expertise on hardware setup/configuration to provide exceptional user support and resolve critical operational issues. Dissertation! Experience includes managing security and after-hour support for classified materials and communications. Known for creating and implementing training that expands team member capabilities and instructs users on system utilization/improvement. Works with government, civilian, and corporate stakeholders. Of course there are other things you might want to call to the reader’s attention early, including language proficiencies, award-winning performance, or being named on one or more US patents. While these qualifications can be contained in essay the body of lampley dissertation, a resume (and should still be placed there) , it could be relevant to highlight them early to motivation case studies organization establish your unique value as an dissertation employee. Please note again that none of these opening paragraphs are written with first person pronouns. While you do write the paragraph in present tense, you write it as if you are the understood subject of the resume. This allows the focus to professional writing in knoxville remain on the employer.
Use of dr tracy lampley dissertation, “I, me, my” places the focus on personal essay, the applicant and the goal of the resume is to dr tracy dissertation sell the employer on a concert, what you can do for THEM. By telling the reader what you “do” and what you are “known for,” you get the reader thinking about how you can do those things for them. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation! This message should be reinforced throughout the resume as you use achievements and certifications to reinforce your opening paragraph and thesis statement comedy, highlight examples of when you have done the things that summary statement promotes. Remember, aside from a cover letter, the summary statement is the dr tracy dissertation, very first thing the professional writing services tn, hiring manager reads about you. It is your handshake long before you meet the lampley, interviewer. It is your first impression long before you get a chance to pick out your best outfit. Describe A Concert Essay! It requires more than “I am seeking a job as….” It is your first chance to answer the question “Tell me about Yourself” and you want to dr tracy lampley make the most of thesis about comedy, it. HUMOR: Also, if you’re struggling for dissertation ideas, why not let Barney Stinson inspire you with some “creative” ways to highlight your awesomeness. Pamela Skillings is statement co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase.
She also has more than 15 years of dr tracy lampley, experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to essay what is an american the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 20 Comment to The Art of lampley dissertation, Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Nice one Pamela. One more thing I would like to add here is essay what american one should never try to add any fake information in their resume which can put them in trouble. @terrylewis – thats great. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation! Maybe you can share it here once you’re done. @Arman – that’s correct. Contest Personal Essay! Faking info will very likely come back to bite you. So resist the dr tracy lampley, temptation to be too “creative”.
What an exceptional post Pamela. I have seen many articles on motivation, resume tips but nothing like this one. Just want to add more tip here that job seekers should never try to add any fake information in their resumes just to impress the recruiter. This is the part that is very difficult for me, i work in the service area, i work for a very prestigious hotel brand and lampley dissertation, i don’t know how to convert what i do into a summary. I want to advance in my career, i want to move in int administrative part of the hotel, not front office. No I’m not a front desk agent nor a concierge. I am having so much trouble coming with the perfect resume so i can apply to better jobs.!
Here’s a way to on essay possibly get unstuck and draft your summary statement: 1) Brainstorm a bit about the dr tracy dissertation, most important qualities required for the job(s) that you want. About! If there’s a job description, scan it for keywords. 2) Think about your 3 most valuable transferable skills/strengths/areas of dr tracy lampley, expertise and how they relate. 3) Draft a sentence about a concert essay each of those three selling points. 4) Combine/arrange/edit them into a summary statement using the examples in the post for inspiration.
Depending on your level of experience, your statement may be a few simple sentences or a brief bulleted list. Please feel free to post a draft of lampley, your summary statement here and writing, I would be happy to give some feedback. Keep track of the interviews. Maintain a record of the .information about the dissertation, interview so that you can refer to it in future. Many times you would have more than one interview with an organisation and it would help if you have jotted down somewhere what happened in the previous interviews. Contest Personal Essay! As the human memory fades with time it is preferable that you record the information within 24 hours of the dr tracy lampley dissertation, interview. While maintaining the summary of professional writing services in knoxville, interviews include the following information:• Name and position of interviewer(s) After the Interview.
It is not over until you finally get the job. So don’t just sit back and relax. Now is the dissertation, time to do the follow up procedures to finally get selected and gain the describe a concert essay, job of dr tracy dissertation, your dreams. Get Selected at Job Interviews. • Job profile/description: duties, responsibilities, powers, salary, other benefits etc. • Category: positive, negative, average. • Date of studies organization, contact with the organisation.
• Specific points discussed: stressed on some qualifications, achievements more than others. Pamela you are genius…Just read your blog….It is simply amazing. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation! Already started working on creating my own personal branding statement. It would be great if you can suggest what should be the caption or heading for personal branding statement. For instance, the studies organization, categories/headings which appear in a Resume/CV are Core Competencies, Professional Experience, Academics, Personal Information etc. Is it a good idea to write heading ” Senior Banking Professional ” followed by branding statement under this heading.
Since, I am a banker with 8 years of experience in executing cross- functional assignments in Retail ( Marketing Campaigns for dr tracy lampley dissertation Retail banking ), Corporate Banking (Commercial Credit to SMEs ) and Strategy (Launch of Wealth Management Business) with MBA as background. Keeping my fingers crossed …to discover a nice branding statement for me… THANKS A LOT…. Outstanding post Pamela! I am a young creative professional and find it very difficult to put my skills and describe essay, experience into dissertation, a summary when its such a broad field. Quotations Allama! After reading your article I now have a better understanding of dr tracy, what companies look for in a resume. Thank you! Outstanding post Pamela and services, very helpful but I am some time confused that – What type of CV format should I opt for dr tracy lampley HR post please help as I am working as an HR? What type of motivation organization, frequent question can be asked during an interview? How can we describe a healthy interview? How can I create my own profession brand as an HR?
It seems like the dr tracy dissertation, examples used are trying to show some corporate bean counter that you know a lot of big words. Is this really what sells? I don’t want to jump through a bunch of hoops to dazzle some corporate sell out. What ever happend to keeping it simple? Great article.
I’m running into tn, trouble highlighting my transferable skills that I got from being a corporate lawyer because I now want to work on research teams for news shows, or in production. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Its difficult trying to connect the two. Can you write an example here. Good article, exposed some weaknesses in my resume, I’m make the changes today! Thanks. Helpful article, though I find myself wondering at the images you chose for thesis the sections. Dr Tracy Dissertation! They are all part of a larger work by Pablo Picasso, titled “Guernica,” which was his attempt at a propaganda piece criticizing war. Essay What Is An! The painting depicts innocent people being firebombed by dr tracy lampley, German and Italian warplanes. Clearly shown are tormented soldiers, a dead child in the arms of a ravaged woman, and citizens and livestock burning alive. Perhaps this is a strange choice of artwork to use for this article. Awesome. shares some other resume design skill in AmoLink resume.
Hope it’s useful to all of us. I found it odd also. This is thesis statement comedy why doing arts papers while studying for your business degree is dr tracy lampley dissertation so important. Contest Essay! Something incredibly ironic about someone who is an expert in selling yourself plastering her blog post with images from a painting as brutally about lampley suffering as this. Thesis Statement About! I guess whoever pieced this page together thought “oh, it’s art, so it must be sophisticated.” And they say I’m irrational for thinking business people aren’t necessarily very bright.
Thank you for the inspiring article! I have been struggling to find a job that fits my professional profile and dr tracy, when I finally find it, I get no attention… at all! Now, I migh have identified some of my common mistakes. Anyhow, I have a big problem. I am a BA in International Relations and I have no idea how to name my professional title…. Any ideas? I rarely get sidetracked by advertisements or odd artwork in blog posts, mainly because I’m inundated with it.
But my concentration was quickly. diverted to the slightly barbaric images as soon as I could make out an. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and a concert essay, JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of dr tracy, experience training and describe a concert, advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading.
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Dr tracy lampley dissertation Dissertation chapter 1 - academic
aix admin resume This message will be pushed to dr tracy the admin's iPhone instantly. Date of birth: August 23 rd , 1981. Country of residence: Germany. System Administration of a number of Unix operating systems (Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX) with advanced use (and limited system admin experience) of Windows operating systems. Seeking a challenging and essay, rewarding employment in which I can utilize and improve my Unix, high availability, network, and security expertise in an environment that encourages technical innovation and initiative. Senior UNIX and Storage Engineer, About company : Ericsson is a leading billing and customer care solution provider for mobile telecommunications. Due to aˆ?we support everythingaˆ? mentality, Ericsson has big environment composed of 150+ servers with all flavors of UNIX systems, as well as more than 200 terabytes of data inside of dr tracy, storage area network. Administration of UNIX infrastructure composed of Linux, AIX, HP-UX, Solaris and Tru64 servers. Transformation of describe, naming service infrastructure from NIS to LDAP using FreeIPA (Red Hat Directory Server + Kerberos + SLAPI-NIS) Administration of NetApp NAS cluster.
Full management of SAN environment composed of IBM DS4000 storage subsystems and 4 node IBM SAN Volume Controler cluster. Lampley Dissertation. SAN has more than 200 terabytes of describe a concert, data. Management of lampley, IBM Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) backup server. Management of Brocade SAN switches in dual fabric configuration. Designed and deployed auto-installation system for new SuSE Linux servers. Installation time reduced from 1-2 days to 20 minutes.
Automation of backup procedures for various appliances (IBM SVC, Brocade SAN switches, etc). Studies. Administration of monitoring infrastructure consisting of Nagios server with Centreon as web interface for configuration and display of performance data. Major achievements : Design and implementation of new service monitoring infrastructure, integrating Centreon into existing Nagios infrastructure. Integration required more than 2000 lines of code in Centreon to be changed. Project was deployed successfully without any downtimes in monitoring. UNIX Systems Administrator, L3. Brno, Czech Republic. About company : IBM Global Service Delivery Center Brno provides outsourcing services for various IMTs of IBM Europe (France, Germany, Italy, etc). With more than 2500 people currently employed it is the single biggest GSDC outside of USA.Working in a subteam of 5 members, responsible for more than 500 servers with various versions of UNIX Operating System IBM AIX, HP-UX, SUN Solaris and dr tracy, Red Hat Linux. Working in a subteam of a concert, 5 members, responsible for more than 500 servers with various versions of dr tracy dissertation, UNIX Operating System IBM AIX, HP-UX, SUN Solaris and Red Hat Linux. Besides System Administrator role, acting also as a Focal Point for my subteam main contact point for studies all communication and escalations.
Operating system and hardware support for dissertation 300+ servers belonging to multiple French customers including such companies as Honeywell, FNAC, Merial, BNPP, REXEL and ABN AMRO. Essay What. Operating system and hardware support for 250+ IBM AIX infrastructure servers. Dr Tracy Dissertation. Management of 6 p570 systems with dual building and dual VIO per building architecture. Management of two DS4300 storage systems. Transformation of environment into centralized managed environment with a set of scripts writen in Python programming language and MySQL database as a backend. What. Database includes all information about the servers, including the connection procedure, which opens possibility of dr tracy lampley, automatic login on professional writing in knoxville tn, a server located behind two or more gateways, thus simplifying connection procedures.
Development of contest essay, Perl and Shell scripts for automation of daily tasks. Troubleshooting of lampley, hardware and software problems. Creating documentation and roadmaps describing complex operations for new and less experienced members of the professional writing in knoxville, team. Interviewing new job candidates. Major achievements : In January 2008, while I was working for IBM GSDC, I was presented with a reward of being the most valuable member of the team for year 2007. Reward was based on technical skills as much as for leadership, openness and willingness to dr tracy lampley share the knowledge in the team. Having in mind that the team had 30+ members at the time and that it was my first year in contest essay the team, gives even bigger significance to the reward. Linux Systems Engineer, About company : Founded in dr tracy lampley dissertation 1995, EUnet is first Serbian Internet Service Provider. At the same time, with more than 100.000 active users, it is the biggest ISP in Serbia. Being a technological leader, EUnet is a synonym in Serbia for both innovation and high-quality service.
Built system for automated and on demand security scanning of client networks, using Nessus, PHP and MySQL. Part of the Sybase-Oracle billing migration team. My responsibilities were server installation, system support, close work and cooperation with development team and thesis statement about comedy, design and implementation of custom patch for PHP interpreter in lampley dissertation order for billing application to work correctly. Design and implementation of high availability and reliability solutions for company#8217;s critical e-commerce services (solutions included PostgreSQL replication and custom backup solution). Remote administration of EUnet servers located in London, UK. Installation and maintenance of dedicated servers which included development of motivation, simple control panel for web administration of e-mail accounts (Postfix + SASL + MySQL + CourierPOP3) and apache VHosts. Consulting and remote administration of Bosnia Telecom (www.teol.net) Solaris servers.
Development of custom PERL scripts for Apache benchmark of lampley, dynamically defined VHosts. Installation, customization and improvement of Ensim based hosting servers. DNS administration. MySQL tuning. Testing and implementation of ticketing software for internal communication and also for customer tech support. Professional Writing In Knoxville Tn. Testing and implementation of software for internal webmail.
Tech support for advanced hosting customers. Lampley Dissertation. Major achievements : Technical specification for new high-availability web hosting solution based on fully clustered environment. System included customized version of Apache web server and custom build MySQL proxy. Linux Systems Administrator, About company : VeratNet was the first Internet Service Provider in Serbia to offer Internet for reasonable prices. Today, VeratNet is one of the three biggest ISPs in Serbia and biggest web hosting provider. What Is An. Design and implementation of new hosting service that promote central management for dr tracy lampley Apache configuration, DNS records and Mail service.
Conduct translation of production DNS, and Sendmail customer configurations from united Dialup, Corporate and essay what, Hosting service to newly developed hosting platform, with zero down time. Development of custom billing scripts. DNS, mail and MySQL administration. Development of dissertation, custom server status monitoring tool using RRD and MRTG. Training of tech support officers. Tech support for advanced hosting customers.
Major achievements : Planing and execution of transition from old mutalized DNS and allama iqbal, mail system to new hosting-only DNS and mail servers.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in dissertation, the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and a concert, Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and lampley dissertation, Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan?
If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is allama happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is lampley filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is statement essentially your hook to dr tracy lampley dissertation, convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment.
Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to thesis statement, outline the legal and lampley dissertation, operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and thesis about, deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for dissertation them , and personal essay, the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for dr tracy dissertation positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to writing in knoxville, set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals.
Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of lampley dissertation, your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below.
Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. Professional In Knoxville! However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over lampley dissertation time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the iqbal, unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in dr tracy lampley, advance, and quotations iqbal, cover every aspect of lampley dissertation, your industry, including the statement, critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents:
How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of dr tracy, your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to motivation organization, take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is dr tracy lampley your first opportunity to professional in knoxville, grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of dr tracy, your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on what american, if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to dr tracy lampley dissertation, be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to iqbal, provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors.
First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of dr tracy lampley dissertation, your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Describe A Concert! Investors know that talk is dissertation cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in case studies, a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the dr tracy lampley dissertation, following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to professional, your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and dr tracy lampley, Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional)
Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the quotations on essay allama iqbal, members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to lampley, the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and a concert, Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into lampley dissertation, more detail in the Products and Services section.
Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to on essay allama iqbal, them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an lampley dissertation, existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at thesis statement comedy, an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters.
Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is dr tracy lampley dissertation highly recommended you work your way through the what american, entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Only then will you be able to identify the amount of studies organization, money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to lampley dissertation, Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the case organization, management team is dr tracy critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of thesis, success. Company and Financing Sections.
Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and dr tracy lampley, approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to quotations allama iqbal, provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Lampley Dissertation! Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by contest, a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the lampley dissertation, broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to essay is an, the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an lampley, unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for essay any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in dr tracy lampley dissertation, it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business.
Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to on essay, share in the profits and lampley dissertation, losses of the on essay, company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in lampley dissertation, a partnership have unlimited liability for describe a concert essay the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by dissertation, shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for comedy businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level.
You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the dr tracy lampley, drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on describe a concert, this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical.
With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and dr tracy lampley, investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the about, Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Dissertation! Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision.
If you have an established business the information you want to writing in knoxville, present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the dissertation, company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. Statement About Comedy! They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the dissertation, business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is personal essay elected by dr tracy dissertation, the shareholders and is the writing services tn, highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for dr tracy lampley the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets.
An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in quotations iqbal, your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to dr tracy, a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the in knoxville tn, member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the dr tracy lampley dissertation, first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Statement About Comedy! Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the dr tracy lampley dissertation, members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in essay is an, particular, complete the financial planning process. Dr Tracy Lampley! Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise.
There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the contest personal essay, amount you are able to dr tracy lampley, raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when?
What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to thesis statement, cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is lampley dissertation a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability.
Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is studies organization why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the dr tracy dissertation, cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at contest personal essay, what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is lampley much harder to answer, especially for contest personal essay a new company. At the end of the lampley dissertation, day it really comes down to case studies organization, what an investor thinks your company is dr tracy lampley dissertation worth (which is essay what american more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of lampley dissertation, valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to quotations on essay allama, determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets.
In other words, in this approach the dr tracy dissertation, company is worth the sum of contest personal essay, all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for lampley some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of essay, future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of dr tracy, its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to organization, determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Lampley! Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to motivation case organization, account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. Dr Tracy Dissertation! You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow.
You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Contest Essay! Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and lampley dissertation, payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and professional, soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in dr tracy lampley, order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the writing services, following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to dissertation, pay back the loan The amount and frequency of motivation studies, loan payments.
In addition to lampley dissertation, the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the motivation, funds. Dissertation! The level of detail should be at on essay allama iqbal, a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on lampley dissertation, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon allama, it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. Lampley! It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the a concert essay, Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model.
It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on lampley dissertation, your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the writing services in knoxville tn, family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Lampley! Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the statement comedy, company or take it public.
Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to dr tracy lampley, demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and professional writing services in knoxville, healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to dr tracy lampley, Google Maps.
If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and thesis about, vision of the dissertation, company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.
1-2 sentences max. Essay What Is An! Don’t use “fluff” words. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the essay what is an american, company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right:
A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the dr tracy dissertation, words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to a concert essay, (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is lampley dissertation a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for personal the customer to lampley, use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to contest personal essay, fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements.
A. Lampley! FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the quotations, highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and dissertation, borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to case studies, local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and dr tracy, keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and writing tn, completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to lampley, date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to professional writing services in knoxville tn, include:
Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in dr tracy lampley, mind that there is no set rule as to statement about comedy, the level of detail you want to include. This is dr tracy dissertation dictated by the relevancy of the statement comedy, information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the lampley, business is on personal, the right track. They are best when quantifiable and dr tracy lampley, measureable.
For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to professional services, execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is dr tracy lampley important for on essay iqbal a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. Dr Tracy Lampley! If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Motivation Organization! Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the dr tracy dissertation, lessee from contest unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities.
For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of dr tracy, your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of american, a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the lampley dissertation, bread and butter of motivation, your business. Your products and lampley, services section should include the following sections.
Products and thesis comedy, Services Chapter Sections. Products and lampley, Services Competitors Sourcing and describe a concert, Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Dr Tracy Lampley! Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the contest, secret sauce working. It means that customers want to dr tracy dissertation, buy your product/service, and writing tn, you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in dr tracy dissertation, terms of benefits vs. Studies! features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is lampley not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product.
Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and what american, other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. Dissertation! One of the contest personal essay, reasons this is dr tracy true is the potential to is an american, sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to lampley, existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is contest personal a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and lampley, stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is case studies expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer.
You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in dr tracy dissertation, the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for motivation case organization you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and dr tracy dissertation, one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to what is an, perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas:
Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps)
Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in dr tracy dissertation, yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and personal essay, services from dr tracy suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to what is an american, consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the dr tracy, lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to services in knoxville, your ability to operate if they cannot deliver.
Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the dr tracy, process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the quotations on essay allama, product is lampley designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the in knoxville, product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is dr tracy dissertation based off of what is an, customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and lampley dissertation, yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on statement about comedy, expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to dr tracy, hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales.
Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Case Organization! Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on dr tracy, excess inventory. Services In Knoxville Tn! Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation! Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software.
QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is thesis about comedy becoming more and dissertation, more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. Motivation Organization! FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology?
Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to dr tracy lampley dissertation, describe in detail. There are two types of professional in knoxville, intellectual property that may be applicable to lampley, a business: industrial property (such as patents and professional writing in knoxville, trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and dr tracy, movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the motivation case, professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is lampley a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention.
You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and quotations on essay, architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Lampley! Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the contest essay, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record.
If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . Dr Tracy Lampley! A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. What! You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor.
You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in dr tracy, steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an professional writing services tn, opportunity to dr tracy lampley dissertation, describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for on essay allama iqbal them, and dr tracy, how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. Services In Knoxville! This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional)
In the dissertation, market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. Comedy! At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at dr tracy lampley dissertation, this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of writing in knoxville, this you can realistically capture. Lampley! This, of what is an american, course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. Lampley! To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the thesis, two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants.
This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the dissertation, market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is a concert well documented and logical.
To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to dr tracy lampley, switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. Statement Comedy! If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and dr tracy, cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to essay, overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from dr tracy your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business.
A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to thesis about comedy, date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of lampley, 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to american, participate in dr tracy lampley dissertation, private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in thesis, an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line.
For example, if you count the Dept. of dissertation, Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of describe a concert essay, 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of motivation case studies, factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Dissertation! Keeping an what is an american, eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the lampley dissertation, change in market size from one time period to contest personal, the next (usually in years). Dr Tracy! So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and services tn, government agencies to find much of this research.
Being able to dr tracy, demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the contest essay, market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to dr tracy, see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for essay Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to dr tracy lampley, you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to thesis statement comedy, describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is dr tracy lampley imperative to describe, knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. Dr Tracy! A popular framework for essay what is an american conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is dissertation little standing in statement about comedy, the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete.
If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from dr tracy lampley dissertation those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is essay is an little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to lampley dissertation, focus on a select group that will be the organization, most likely to purchase your product/service and dr tracy lampley, account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from services in knoxville a small percentage of your customers. Dr Tracy Lampley! For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers.
If you are in essay is an american, a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to lampley, name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in thesis statement about, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out lampley dissertation this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and essay what american, sales chapter gives you an opportunity to dissertation, describe how you will manage your sales force and thesis about comedy, what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:
Positioning: Are you going to be the dr tracy lampley dissertation, lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the professional services in knoxville tn, overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into lampley dissertation, further detail in services in knoxville tn, the subsequent sections.
Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to lampley dissertation, achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to a concert essay, enter the market since you have fixed assets and dr tracy dissertation, experience that requires a large investment. Essay American! Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to dr tracy, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and studies, RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and dr tracy, cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if:
Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the allama, strength of their branding and lampley dissertation, not through the quotations on essay iqbal, taste of their coffee. Determining the dr tracy lampley, optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to about, this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. Dr Tracy Lampley! There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in contest essay, how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of dr tracy dissertation, what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for motivation case studies organization your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95.
In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to dr tracy dissertation, your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence.
There are a myriad of options available. Contest Essay! Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of lampley dissertation, mouth marketing is by is an, far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to dr tracy dissertation, any business. Personal Essay! New customers that are referred to dr tracy lampley dissertation, your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company.
There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from in knoxville tn customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”.
How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is dr tracy dissertation stocked in on essay iqbal, mass-market distribution channels.
Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and lampley dissertation, sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and motivation studies, implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is dissertation being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. Case Studies Organization! These provide a tangible way to measure the lampley dissertation, success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to tn, measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable).
A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and dr tracy lampley, lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is essay what a huge milestone.
SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and dr tracy lampley, the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to professional services tn, internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in dr tracy lampley dissertation, fixed costs in order to professional services in knoxville, achieve economies of scale.
Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is dr tracy lampley a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the essay what is an american, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service?
For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for dissertation better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in contest essay, business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for lampley dissertation a partnership in the future and that should be included in american, this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and lampley, power of your business. Essay What Is An American! Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. Lampley! For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of contest personal, Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the lampley, same demographic.
For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and quotations iqbal, sales forecast will be the dr tracy lampley, most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services.
These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the describe, price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for dr tracy lampley defining the sales forecast.
Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and describe, what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the dr tracy dissertation, start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the personal essay, price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of dr tracy lampley dissertation, producing your product/service (at the unit level).
Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of personal essay, sales on a sliding scale. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Costs vary each month: The cost of thesis about, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over dr tracy time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the quotations on essay allama, cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of dr tracy lampley dissertation, raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by statement, country and by products/services sold.
In the United States, there is lampley dissertation no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the professional writing services in knoxville, tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the lampley, overall sales forecast. Writing Services Tn! You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business.
In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and dissertation, contractors you plan to what is an, hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about dr tracy lampley dissertation, your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. Personal Essay! You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to dr tracy lampley, this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to case studies organization, hire and scale quickly in order to dr tracy lampley dissertation, generate large revenues.
Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the contest personal, personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for lampley dissertation additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and services tn, travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone.
Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and dr tracy lampley dissertation, methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for professional writing services your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for lampley more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of contest personal essay, Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here.
Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. Dissertation! This is an accounting method that allows the quotations on essay, business to allocate the lampley, costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and motivation case studies, fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Lampley! Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life.
These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront.
Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on essay what is an, the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is dissertation expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an professional writing services tn, amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the dr tracy lampley, $12,000 payment on month in professional services in knoxville tn, which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an dr tracy lampley dissertation, estimate for studies organization income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of dr tracy dissertation, federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the a concert, Burden Rate). As this is dr tracy lampley only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and case studies, distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the dr tracy lampley dissertation, owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of essay, your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to dr tracy, distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business.
What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and a concert, running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in dr tracy lampley dissertation, your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Essay Is An American! Most companies operate by dr tracy lampley dissertation, allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to essay what is an american, frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of lampley, your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for in knoxville some businesses it is lampley preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment.
Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the professional writing services in knoxville, better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to lampley dissertation, your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. On Essay Iqbal! When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on lampley dissertation, credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow.
However, ensure you are able to thesis statement, pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and dr tracy lampley dissertation, when the payment arrives. Quotations On Essay Iqbal! Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and dissertation, you plan on describe essay, keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow.
How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to dr tracy, industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to essay what american, start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on lampley dissertation, hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.
You can utilize this section to thesis statement about, explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and dr tracy lampley dissertation, how will it affect your business? When taking out essay a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and lampley, are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in a concert essay, installments). You will typically pay interest on dr tracy lampley dissertation, the loan. Motivation! If you are seeking a loan then enter the dr tracy lampley, amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans.
For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to professional writing in knoxville tn, finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in dr tracy lampley, which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Studies Organization! Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to.
If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of dr tracy dissertation, cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. Services Tn! This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of dr tracy, borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds?
For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the allama iqbal, balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities:
Enter starting balance for dr tracy lampley dissertation Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and case, will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in dr tracy lampley, the Financial Statements section.
For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of a concert, tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to dr tracy dissertation, your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is personal essay working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and dr tracy lampley, profit. It is the most common of the essay, three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”.
The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and dissertation, Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to professional services tn, edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of dr tracy lampley, a fiscal period. Thesis Comedy! It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by lampley, going back to american, the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the dr tracy lampley dissertation, option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.
The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from about your operating, investing and dr tracy lampley, financing activities. Rather than providing an motivation case studies, overview like the dr tracy lampley dissertation, balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the contest essay, sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. Lampley! If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in personal essay, case.
This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. Dr Tracy Dissertation! The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to comedy, make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is dr tracy dissertation actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by personal essay, stockholders’ equity. Lampley Dissertation! The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on describe essay, Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the dr tracy lampley, investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. Thesis Statement About! It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to dissertation, hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms.
Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and about comedy, sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to dr tracy lampley dissertation, each industry, keep in contest essay, mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples.
4. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation! The Pros and motivation case, Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the dr tracy lampley dissertation, hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is describe as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and dr tracy, writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is contest personal essay completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to lampley, purchasing a pre-fabricated plan.
None of the in knoxville tn, information will be relevant to your company, and dr tracy, you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and what, structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on dr tracy, your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only thesis about about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an actual the lampley, complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to services, do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to dr tracy lampley, have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to personal essay, attract investment — all by yourself.
Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of dr tracy lampley dissertation, most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the essay american, heavy lifting for them. Keep in dr tracy lampley dissertation, mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to essay, meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to lampley, a seasoned investor. 2. Motivation Case Organization! You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the dr tracy dissertation, calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and american, tables for your plan. Dr Tracy Dissertation! Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is a concert essay no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and dissertation, tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to quotations on essay allama iqbal, keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on lampley, your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to what is an american, track the progress of dr tracy lampley dissertation, your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and allama iqbal, get started with writing out dr tracy lampley dissertation your product/service concepts and marketing plan.
If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for professional tn your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in dissertation, only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and organization, does not engage in dr tracy lampley dissertation, the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation.
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Dr tracy lampley dissertation
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If you have multiple jobs dating back for dr tracy lampley dissertation, a number of years, try to list only the statement about most relevant jobs within the dr tracy lampley past 5-7 years on writing services in knoxville the first page and dr tracy, either make a note that a more extensive job history is available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the reviewer is so inclined to read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the thesis statement about capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae.
You want your C.V to lampley, sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out of the Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and pieces of concise and relevant information to quotations on essay, present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to the job description and other material posted by your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Dr Tracy Dissertation. Review their posted list of required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and applicable skills and job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out.
If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page. Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history. You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to read and make every word count. In order to case, accomplish this, you need to use a font of at least 10-12 and make each section of your document stand out lampley dissertation from the describe a concert essay next by dissertation, staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in describe which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the dr tracy lampley page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills. If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs).
Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in the left column and your job duties on the right. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to essay what is an, review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of dissertation space in between each section, increase the font size of your name.
If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae. Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to set you aside from professional services in knoxville other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the lampley dissertation outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the same name and changing only the last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the word ‘Company’ with each different place to which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter.
Landing a job is quotations undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the dissertation most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams. Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and on essay allama, it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to dissertation, read your resume, but also gets you invited for thesis comedy, an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is lampley dissertation not difficult if you follow a few simple steps:
Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the professional services in knoxville tn employer won’t even bother to read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to dr tracy lampley dissertation, use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. Thesis About. Follow the guidelines for writing a basic business letter and be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the describe position.
You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position. Dr Tracy Dissertation. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the personal essay time to dr tracy dissertation, be a rebel. Thesis About. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the dr tracy dissertation letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in case organization the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in dr tracy lampley dissertation common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken.
Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here. A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to thesis about comedy, an interview. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation. You need to reference your resume and quotations allama, any other included attachments. Dr Tracy. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to an interview.
Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to on essay, go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Dissertation. Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter.
Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview. Iqbal. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for dissertation, a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the what american seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Dr Tracy Lampley Dissertation. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray.
If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to thesis statement comedy, the organization. By researching and probing how you can make an impact in dissertation the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Allama. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for dr tracy lampley, the position. Professional Writing Services In Knoxville. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for dr tracy lampley, the position within the organization and the industry as a whole.
The next step is contest personal succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to dr tracy lampley dissertation, perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for contest personal essay, years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to a current employee performing the dissertation same job function puts you over case, the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about lampley dissertation, how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and then add your own spin. What American. Use the power of imagination to stand out from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over lampley dissertation, the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort.
Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an contest personal essay offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to dissertation, the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in. All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty.
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